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N-Virus/ 2011-04-01
N-Virus 사회학에서 쓰는 용어 중에 N-Virus란 말이 있다. Virus는 “감기는 바이러스가 옮긴다”할 때의 바이러스이고 N는 Need란 단어에서 따온 N이다. 이 용어의 의미는 한 공동체에서 구성원 모두가 “우리는 희망이 없다. 희망이 없다”고들 탄식하고 있을 때에 어느 한 사람이 등장하여 “아니다 우리는 희망이 있다. 희망이 있다”는 말을 되풀이 하여 희망의 기운을 퍼뜨리게 되면 그 동안에 희망이 없다는 생각에 젖어 있던 사람들이 그 한 사람이 퍼뜨리는 생각에 감염이 되기 시작하여 “그래 맞아 우리는 희망이 있어, 희망이 있어”하는 생각을 따라 하게 된다는 것이다. 그럴 경우 처음 “희망이 있다”는 생각을 퍼뜨리기 시작한 사람을 일컬어 N-Virus를 지닌 사람이라 일컫는다. 캔 두 스피릿(Can-Do-Spirit) 역시 마찬가지이다. 모두가 좌절감을 느끼고 희망을 잃고 방황하고 있을 때에 어느 한 지도자나 한 팀의 사람들이 “아니야, 우리는 희망이 있어”하고 희망이 있는 이유를 말하며 희망의 분위기를 일으키기 시작하면 그간에 희망이 없다고 여기던 사람들이 희망이 있다는 생각으로 바뀌고 또 희망을 실현시키는 방향으로 움직이게 된다. 우리 사회는 지난 몇 년 동안 희망이 없는 사회, 희망이 없는 나라란 쪽으로 생각이 흐르게 되었다. 그래서 특히 젊은이들 중에서 이 나라가 희망의 없으니 외국으로 이민가고 싶다는 생각이 널리 퍼져나가는 흐름이었다. 그러나 이제 새로운 지도가가 등장하게 되면서 “하면 된다” “희망이 있다” “한강의 기적을 이어 한반도의 기적으로 발전시킬 수 있다”고 말을 하기 시작하자 그런 기운이 국민들 사이에서 일어나기 시작하고 있다. 바로 Can-Do-Spirit이 마치 N-Virus가 퍼뜨러지듯이 퍼져나가기 시작한 것이다. 모처럼 이렇게 퍼져나가기 시작한 “하면 된다 정신”을 시대정신이 되게 하고 국민정신이 되게 하는 일이 우리들에게 주어진 공동의 과제란 생각이 간절하여진다.
NAME
NAME When the 1960s ended, San Francisco\'s Haight-Ashbury district reverted to high rent, and many hippies moved down the coast to Santa Cruz. They had children and got married, too, though in no particular sequence. But they didn\'t name their children Melissa or Brett. People in the mountains around Santa Cruz grew accustomed to their children playing Frisbee with little Time Warp or Spring Fever. And eventually Moonbeam, Earth, Love and Precious Promise all ended up in public school. That\'s when the kindergarten teachers first met Fruit Stand. Every fall, according to tradition, parents bravely apply name tags to their children, kiss them good-bye and send them off to school on the bus. So it was for Fruit Stand. The teachers thought the boy\'s name was odd, but they tried to make the best of it. \"Would you like to play with the blocks, Fruit Stand?\" they offered. And later, \"Fruit Stand, how about a snack?\" He accepted hesitantly. By the end of the day, his name didn\'t seem much odder than Heather\'s or Sun Ray\'s. At dismissal time, the teachers led the children out to the buses. \"Fruit Stand, do you know which one is your bus?\" He didn\'t answer. That wasn\'t strange. He hadn\'t answered them all day. Lots of children are shy on the first day of school. It didn\'t matter. The teachers had instructed the parents to write the names of their children\'s bus stops on the reverse side of their name tags. The teacher simply turned over the tag. There, neatly printed, was the word \"Anthony.\" Luanne Oleas in Salinas, Calif., Reader\'s Digest. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME, a good
NAME, a good After the American Civil War the managers of the infamous Louisiana Lottery approached Robert E. Lee and asked if he\'d let them use his name in their scheme. They promised that if he did he would become rich. Astounded, Lee straightened up, buttoned his gray coat, and shouted, \"Gentlemen, I lost my home in the war. I lost my fortune in the war. I lost everything except my name. My name is not for sale, and if you fellows don\'t get out of here, I\'ll break this crutch over year heads!\" Source Unknown.
NAMES, disparaging
NAMES, disparaging Charles the Simple, Son of Louis the Stammerer. So called for his policy of making concessions to the Norse invaders rather than fighting. Louis the Sluggard, noted for his self-indulgence, he ruled from 986 to 987 over the Franks. Ethelred the unready (968-1016) so called because of his inability to repel the Danish invasion of England. At first he paid tribute to the Danes, but their raids continued and he was forced to abandon England for Normandy in 1013. Those who are more generous call him Ethelred the ill-advised. Louis the Fat, like his father, was obese. At the age of 47 because of his extreme corpulence, he was unable to mount his horse. Source Unknown. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NATURALISM
NATURALISM A philosophical position, empirical in method, that regards everything that exists or occurs to be conditioned in its existence or occurrence by causal factors within one all- encompassing system of nature, however \"spiritual\" or purposeful or rational some of these things and events may in their functions and values prove to be. S.P. Lamprecht in Naturalism and the Human Spirit, Yervant H. Krikorian, 1944, p. 18, quoted in Christian Apologetics in a World Community, W. Dyrness, IVP, 1983, p. 88. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- As man has gained increasing mastery over nature through science . . . he gradually has lost his sense of helplessness and with it his need to believe in the supernatural. He has become more and more this-worldly and can say, quite readily \"This world is all that there is and it is enough.\" Edward Cell in Thinking and Acting Like a Christian, D. Bruce Lockerbie, p. 25. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NATURE
NATURE Nature never taught me that there exists a God of glory and of infinite majesty. I had to learn that in other ways. But nature gave the word glory a meaning for me. C.S. Lewis in The Four Loves.
NEEDS
NEEDS Early in his career, Thomas Edison invented a vote-recording machine for use in legislative chambers. By moving a switch to the right or left, an official could vote for or against a proposal without leaving his desk. The machine would replace the tedious business of marking ballots, counting them, etc. Elated with the prospects, Edison obtained a patent -- his first -- and headed for Washington. Eagerly he demonstrated his machine to the Chairman of Congressional Committees. This gentleman, while complimenting Edison on his ingenuity, promptly turned it down. \"Filibustering and delay in the tabulation of votes are often the only means we have for defeating bad or improper legislation.\" he told Edison. The young inventor was stunned. The invention was good; he knew it and the chairman knew it. Still, it wasn\'t wanted. Said Edison later: \"There and then I made a vow that I would never again invent anything which was not wanted.\" Bits & Pieces, May 28, 1992, pp. 11-12. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- There is a story of a tool company that manufactured drill bits. Faced with financial losses, company executives gathered to discuss the problem: a declining demand for drill bits. The CEO challenged his men: \"How can we revive the bit market?\" After an embarrassing silence, one member of the team dispelled the fog: \"Sir, the market isn\'t for bits--its for holes!\" The story, though apocryphal, does illustrate a basic but often overlooked truth: \"The customer never buys a product. By definition, the customer buys the satisfaction of a want\" (in the words of Peter Drucker). To put it another way, there are no markets for products--only markets for what products can do. In contemporary industry, the Xerox Corp. shows this principle in action. Xerox successfully pioneered the copy-machine industry by leasing copiers at a \"per copy\" price rather than selling machines outright. They correctly saw the market was for copies, not machines. Four Implications: 1)We must constantly evaluate customer needs; 2)We must design products to meet specific needs; 3)We must redesign products as needs change; 4)We must delete products that no longer meet customer needs. Christianity Today, April 4, 1986. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NEGATIVE
NEGATIVE A survey asked mothers to keep track of how many times they made negative, compared with positive, comments to their children. They admitted that they criticized ten times for every time they said something favorable. A three-year survey in one city\'s schools found that the teachers were 75% negative. The study indicated that it takes four positive statements from a teacher to offset the effects of one negative statement to a child. Institute of Family Relations in Homemade, December, 1986. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- As much as 77% of everything we think is negative and counterproductive and works against us. People who grow up in an average household hear \"No\" or are told what they can\'t do more than 148,000 times by the time they reach age 18. Result: Unintentional negative programming. Shad Helmstetter in Homemade, Jan, 1987. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NEGLECT
NEGLECT The Cost of Not Putting a Finger in the Dike For most of the last decade, Chicagoans who worked in the Loop, the booming downtown business district, could easily ignore the city\'s budget crisis; Washington\'s cutback of aid to cities didn\'t seem to hurt business. Last week, they learned one price of neglecting the underpinnings of all that economic growth. A quarter billion gallons of murky Chicago River water gushed into a 60-mile network of turn-of-the-century freight tunnels under the Loop and brought nearly all businesses to a soggy halt. It turned out that a top city official had known about the leak, but, acting for a cash-strapped government, had delayed repairs costing only about $50,000. The final cost of the damage could run higher than $1 billion. U.S. News & World Report, April 27, 1992. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- We often fail to consider the gradual, cumulative effect of sin in our lives. In Saint Louis in 1984, an unemployed cleaning woman noticed a few bees buzzing around the attic of her home. Since there were only a few, she made no effort to deal with them. Over the summer the bees continued to fly in and out the attic vent while the woman remained unconcerned, unaware of the growing city of bees. The whole attic became a hive, and the ceiling of the second- floor bedroom finally caved in under the weight of hundreds of pounds of honey and thousands of angry bees. While the woman escaped serious injury, she was unable to repair the damage of her accumulated neglect. Robert T. Wenz. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- A 64-year-old woman, whose decomposed body was found in her dilapidated Houston home recently, was discovered frozen to death for five months. She was forgotten all winter and spring by neighbors and family members. Neighbors described her as someone who \"didn\'t have anything to do with anybody, and nobody had anything to do with her.\" This occurred after her children had grown up and moved away, and then her husband\'s death. She had two children, one of whom lived about 10 miles from his mother\'s house. Resources, No. 2. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NEIGHBOR
NEIGHBOR Catherine Booth was the \"mother\" of the Salvation Army. \"Wherever Catherine Booth went,\" said Campbell Morgan, \"humanity went to hear her. Princes and peeresses merged with paupers and prostitutes.\" One night, Morgan shared in a meeting with Mrs. Booth; and a great crowd of \"publicans and sinners\" was there. Her message brought many to Christ. After the meeting, Morgan and Mrs. Booth went to be entertained at a fine home; and the lady of the manor said, \"My dear Mrs. Booth, that meeting was dreadful\" \"What do you mean, dearie?\" asked Mrs. Booth. \"Oh, when you were speaking, I was looking at those people opposite to me. Their faces were so terrible, many of them. I don\'t think I shall sleep tonight!\" \"Why, dearie, don\'t you know them?\" Mrs. Booth asked; and the hostess replied, \"Certainly not!\" \"Well, that is interesting,\" Mrs. Booth said. \"I did not bring them with me from London; they are your neighbors!\" Source Unknown. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NERVOUSNESS
NERVOUSNESS Q. What lies at the bottom of the ocean and twitches? A. A nervous wreck. Health, Canada. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Back in Boston in the mid-1960s, Bill Russell was the star basketball center for the world-champion Celtics. It was fun watching him and his team play at the Boston Garden. He dominated the boards, and with effortless ease, he seemed to take charge of the whole court once the game got underway. The whole team revolved around his larger-than-life presence. Sports fans watch him from a distance, respecting his command of the sport. Then, in a radio interview, I heard a comment from Russell that immediately made me feel closer to him, though I have never met the man. The sports reporter asked the all-pro basketball star if he ever got nervous. Russell\'s answer was surprising. He said, in his inimitable style of blunt honesty, \"Before every game, I vomit.\" Shocked, the sportscaster asked what he did if they played two games the same day. Unflappable Russell replied, \"I vomit twice.\" C. Swindoll, The Grace Awakening, Word, 1990, p. 203. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NEUTRALITY
NEUTRALITY The hottest places in hell are reserved for those, who in time of great moral crisis, maintain their neutrality. Source Unknown.
NEW AGE
NEW AGE About half of the Americans who are familiar with the New Age movement don\'t take its teachings seriously, and a third of them say New Age thought runs counter to Judeo-Christian teaching, says a new poll by the Princeton Religious Research Center. The poll also shows that the general population\'s awareness of the New Age is low, but the number of Americans who adhere to New Age practices is alarmingly high, even among professing Christians. \"Many who consider themselves good Christians nonetheless have engaged in practices that seemingly are counter to the teaching of their church,\" the pollsters said. Roughly half of all Americans say they believe in extrasensory perception. Thirty percent of Roman Catholics and 22 percent of Protestants say they believe in clairvoyance, while 48 percent of Roman Catholics and 44 percent of Protestants say they believe in psychic healing, the poll shows. The poll indicates that 25 percent of both groups believe the movement of the stars may help govern the affairs of men and women. Christianity Today, February 10, 1992.
NEW CREATION
NEW CREATION London businessman Lindsay Clegg told the story of a warehouse property he was selling. The building had been empty for months and needed repairs. Vandals had damaged the doors, smashed the windows, and strewn trash around the interior. As he showed a prospective buyer the property, Clegg took pains to say that he would replace the broken windows, bring in a crew to correct any structural damage, and clean out the garbage. \"Forget about the repairs,\" the buyer said. \"When I buy this place, I\'m going to build something completely different. I don\'t want the building; I want the site.\" Compared with the renovation God has in mind, our efforts to improve our own lives are as trivial as sweeping a warehouse slated for the wrecking ball. When we become God\'s, the old life is over (2 Cor. 5:17). He makes all things new. All he wants is the site and the permission to build. Ian L. Wilson.
NEW YEAR
NEW YEAR Boast not thyself of tomorrow; for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth Proverbs 27:1. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Come now, ye that say, today or tomorrow we will go into such and such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain; whereas ye know not what shall be on the next day. For what is your life? It is even a vapor that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away James 4:13-14. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Another year is dawning, Dear Father let it be, In working or in waiting, Another year with thee. Another year of progress, Another year of praise, Another year of proving Thy presence all the days. Another year of mercies, Of faithfulness and grace, Another year of gladness, The glory of thy face. Another year of leaning Upon thy loving breast, Another year of trusting, Of quiet, happy rest. Another year of service, Of witness for thy love, Another year of training For holier work above. Another year is dawning, Dear Father, let it be, On earth, or else in heaven, Another year for thee. Frances R. Havergal. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Resolutions of Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758), from the Works of Jonathan Edwards, Vol. 1 Being sensible that I am unable to do anything without God\'s help, I do humble entreat Him, by His grace, to enable me to keep these Resolutions, so far as they are agreeable to His will, for Christ\'s sake. [I will] remember to read over these Resolutions once a week. Resolved, That I will do whatsoever I think to be most to the glory of God, and my own good, profit, and pleasure, in the whole of my duration; without any consideration of the time, whether now, or never so many myriads of ages hence. Resolved, to do whatever I think to be my duty, and most for the good and advantage of mankind in general. Resolved, Never to lose one moment of time, but to improve it in the most profitable way I possibly can. Resolved, to live with all my might, while I do live. Resolved, Never to do anything, which I should be afraid to do if it were the last hour of my life. Resolved, Never to do anything out of revenge. Resolved, Never to speak evil of any one, so that it shall tend to his dishonour, more or less, upon no account except for some real good. Resolved, To study the Scriptures so steadily, constantly, and frequently, as that I may find, and plainly perceive, myself to grow in the knowledge of the same. Resolved, Never to count that a prayer, nor to let that pass as a prayer, nor that as a petition of a prayer, which is so made, that I cannot hope that God will answer it; nor that as a confession which I cannot hope God will accept. Resolved, To ask myself, at the end of every day, week, month, and year, wherein I could possibly, in any respect, have done better. Resolved, Never to give over, nor in the least to slacken, my fight with my corruptions, however unsuccessful I may be. Resolved, After afflictions, to inquire, what I am the better for them; what good I have got by them, and what I might have got by them. Resolved, Always to do that which I shall wish I had done when I see others do it. Let there be something of benevolence in all that I speak. Jonathan Edwards, The Works of Jonathan Edwards, Vol. 1. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NEWTON, JOHN
NEWTON, JOHN John Newton was a rough, dirty sailor with a foul mouth and an appetite for rotten living. He hated life and life hated him. He was captain of a slaveship. Then someone placed in his hands a copy of Thomas a Kempis\' The Imitation of Christ. He also had the gift of a good mother who told him about the Saviour when he was young. And then he was saved. He went all over England sharing his faith. Well past his \"retirement\" age, he had to have an assistant stand in the pulpit with him on Sundays. He was nearly blind and spoke in whispers, but nothing could keep him from preaching while he still had breath. One Sunday, while delivering his message he repeated the sentence: \"Jesus Christ is precious.\" His helper whispered to him: \"But you have already said that twice.\" Newton turned to his helper and said loudly, \"Yes, I\'ve said it twice, and I\'m going to say it again.\" The stones in the ancient sanctuary fairly shook as the grand old preacher said again: \"Jesus Christ is precious!\" Source Unknown. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NO
NO Writing for the New York Times Magazine, Mauren Dowd and Thomas L. Friedman describe a conversation that once took place between Secretary of State James Baker and President George Bush. With Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak due to arrive for a state visit, Baker hurried into the Oval Office to brief President Bush, telling him what the sore spots were, what favors would be asked, and what aid would be sought. \"Mubarak is going to ask for money,\" Baker warned Bush before the Egyptian leader entered. \"You\'re going to have to say no.\" \"You tell him he can\'t have any money,\" the president replied. \"Turning down money is dirty work. That\'s your job, Jimmy. I want to do the good stuff.\" Today in the Word, Moody Bible Institute, Jan, 1992, p.21.
NOISE
NOISE It happens every time the prof calls a group of students to the board to solve a physics problem. Someone holds the chalk wrong and sends chills up and down the spines of everyone in the class with that familiar classroom torture technique: \"squeaky chalk.\" Why does a piece of chalk produce that hideous squeal? According to the book, The Flying Circus of Physics (With Answers), squealing chalk results from the phenomenon of \"stick and slip.\" Incorrectly held chalk actually sticks to the blackboard. But when the writer bends the chalk enough, it suddenly slips and vibrates, sporadically striking the chalkboard and producing that squeal we hear. As the vibrations decrease, the friction between the chalk and the board increases until the chalk sticks again and the torture begins once more. Chalk Talk, Campus Life, December, 1979.
NONSENSE
NONSENSE Sam Goldwyn, the movie producer, used to mangle the English language so badly that his malaprops and mixed metaphors came to be known as Goldwynisms. Some that have become classics are... A verbal contract isn\'t worth the paper it\'s printed on. Every Tom, Dick, and Harry is named William. Now, gentlemen, listen slowly. For your information, I would like to ask a question. Include me out. Don\'t talk to me while I\'m interrupting. I may not always be right, but I\'m never wrong. Bits and Pieces, December, 1989, p. 12-13.
Not Alone!/ 세상에서 지친 영혼들에게/ 2010-07-02
Not Alone!/ 세상에서 지친 영혼들에게 크리스찬으로서 가끔 세상속에서 혼자 있을 때가 있습니다. 세상속에서 믿음도 약해지고 크리스찬으로서 정체성을 잃어 버릴 것 같은 두려움도 있습니다. 십자가의 길을 가는 것이 고통스럽고 손해 보는 것 같습니다. 그때 마다 기억 하십시오. 당신은 혼자가 아닙니다. 세상에는 당신과 함께하는 믿음의 사람들이 그 길을 같이 가고 있다는 것을 기억 하십시오. 무엇보다 주님이 여러분과 함께 하십니다. 오늘도 평강의 주님이 여러분과 함께 하길 기도합니다.